Swift Cookbook Updated to Swift 3.0 Syntax

I updated my online Swift Cookbook to the 3.0 syntax.

Here are the current topics:

I also added a Github repo where all the sections are in one playground. In the near future, I hope to add sections for web, regular expressions, and files. Let me know if there are any other topics that interest you.

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Functional Swift: Using Array filter and forEach functions

Recently, I started learning a couple of functional languages through online MOOCs:

Swift isn’t classified as a functional language. However, that doesn’t mean we can’t use lessons learned from functional programming to improve our code. In this article, I illustrate a few ways my programming has changed after a couple of weeks of functional programming.

[].filter

There are many places in my code that looked something like this snippet:

self.retestQuestions = []

for q in questionList {
    if !q.isAnsweredCorrectly {
        self.retestQuestions.append(q)
    }
}

This translates to one line of Swift code:

let retestQuestions = questionList.filter({!$0.isAnsweredCorrectly})

In the past, I’ve used filter() to replace NSPredicate statements, which I used extensively in Objective C. In my first conversion to Swift, I directly translated my Objective C to Swift then cast my Swift array back to an NSArray to get the filter to work. Roughly my code looked like this:

let predicate = NSPredicate(format: "numWordsInGroup >= \(minWordCount) and  numPicturesInGroup >= \(minPictureCount)")

let answer = (a1 as NSArray).filtered(using: predicate)

Embracing the Array filter() function makes a lot more sense:

let answer = a1.filter({$0.numWordsInGroup >= minWordCount && $0.numPicturesInGroup >= minPictureCount})

After only a couple of weeks of functional programming, I’ve noticed many places in my code where this example, and other

[].forEach

The forEach() function isn’t a functional concept. However, without going into detail, my functional programming has led me to prefer using the Array forEach function more often. Here are several snippets from my code:

Add subviews to parent

[pronounView, answerWellView, answerConjugationView].forEach {self.mainContainerView.addSubview($0)}

Update: Someone pointed out on Reddit that this can be simplified:

// Simply pass func to apply to each element
[pronounView, answerWellView, answerConjugationView].forEach (mainContainerView.addSubview)

Active constraints

[c1, c2].forEach {NSLayoutConstraint.activate($0)}

Applying the same concept of passing the function as an argument to forEach(), activating constraints is even simpler.

[c1, c2].forEach(NSLayoutConstraint.activate) 

translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints and addSubviews

[answer1Btn, answer2Btn, answer3Btn, answer4Btn].forEach {
    $0.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
    self.cardFrontSubView.addSubview($0)
}

Disable and hide buttons

[answer1Btn,answer1Btn,answer3Btn,answer4Btn].forEach {
    $0.isEnabled = false
    $0.isHidden = false
}

Conclusion

I’ve just finished the second week, of a six week, Haskell MOOC. Hopefully, soon I’ll be using more functional concepts and my code will be “cleaner”, and more importantly contain fewer bugs.

Disabling Activity Tracing in Xcode 8

In Xcode 8, every time you run your app, there is additional logging information in the debugging window that looks similar to this:

2016-09-29 12:37:04.826400 LosVerbos[24208:17542891] subsystem: com.apple.UIKit, category: HIDEventFiltered, enable_level: 0, persist_level: 0, default_ttl: 0, info_ttl: 0, debug_ttl: 0, generate_symptoms: 0, enable_oversize: 1, privacy_setting: 2, enable_private_data: 0
2016-09-29 12:37:04.833232 LosVerbos[24208:17542891] subsystem: com.apple.UIKit, category: HIDEventIncoming, enable_level: 0, persist_level: 0, default_ttl: 0, info_ttl: 0, debug_ttl: 0, generate_symptoms: 0, enable_oversize: 1, privacy_setting: 2, enable_private_data: 0
2016-09-29 12:37:04.844944 LosVerbos[24208:17542886] subsystem: com.apple.BaseBoard, category: MachPort, enable_level: 1, persist_level: 0, default_ttl: 0, info_ttl: 0, debug_ttl: 0, generate_symptoms: 0, enable_oversize: 0, privacy_setting: 0, enable_private_data: 0

xcode

While this may be useful at some point, I find that it makes it harder to see my own debugging messages. These messages can be disabled by setting an environment variable in your schema: OS_ACTIVITY_MODE disable

 

schema
More on Apple’s new logging: WWDC 2016 – Session 721 – iOS, macOS – Unified Logging and Activity Tracing

My iOS 10 and Swift 3 Refactor List

I used an early beta of Xcode 8 to begin my conversion to Swift 3, which led to some issues so I had to do a lot of manual changes. Actually the conversion tool still works well a line at a time. Next Error followed by Return (CMD-‘, Return) is quite handy.

I thought it would be great to track them and keep a list in one place.

layerClass() method is now a variable:

override public class func layerClass() -> AnyClass {
    return CAEmitterLayer.self
}

override public class var layerClass: AnyClass {
    return CAEmitterLayer.self
}

Method signature in AppDelegate changed to:

    func application(_ application: UIApplication, didFinishLaunchingWithOptions launchOptions: [UIApplicationLaunchOptionsKey: Any]?) -> Bool {
        // Override point for customization after application launch.
        return true
    }

Still unresolved: ??

CGAffineTransform.scale(transform, scale, scale)
CGAffineTransform.scaledBy(transform, scale, scale) ???
transform = CGAffineTransform(scaleX: scale, y:scale)

CGContextSetRGBStrokeColor(context, 1.0, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0)
context.setStrokeColor(red: 1, green: 0, blue: 1, alpha: 1)
[color getRed:&red0 green:&green0 blue:&blue0 alpha:&alpha0];
       var red0:CGFloat = 0
        var green0:CGFloat = 0
        var blue0:CGFloat = 0
        var alpha0:CGFloat = 0
color.getRed(&red0, green: &green0, blue: &blue0, alpha: &alpha0)
NSMakeRange(col, 1) // Unresolved
substringWithRange()
let x = rowString.substring(with: <#T##Range#>)
UIFont *aFont = [UIFont fontWithName:"American Typewriter" size:fontSize]
let aFont = UIFont(name:"American Typewriter", size:fontSize)
NSDictionary *attributes = @{NSFontAttributeName:  aFont}
let attributes = [NSFontAttributeName:  aFont]
UIRectCornerAllCorners
UIRectCorner.allCorners
xmlText.componentsSeparatedByString("\n")
xmlText.components(separatedBy: "\n")
anArray.joinWithSeparator(",")
anArray.joined(separator: ",")
String(contentsOfURL: xmlUrl)
String(contentsOf: xmlUrl)
url.componentsSeparatedByString("/")
url.components(separatedBy: "/")
"  foobar  ".stringByTrimmingCharactersInSet(NSCharacterSet.whitespaceCharacterSet())
"  foobar  ".trimmingCharacters(in: NSCharacterSet.whitespaces)
NSTextAlignment.Center
NSTextAlignment.center
forState: .Normal
forState: .normal
.TouchUpInside 
.touchUpInside
url.rangeOfString("github.com")
url.contains("github.com")
// https://www.hackingwithswift.com/swift3
stringByReplacingOccurrencesOfString(" ", withString:"_")
"Hello, world".replacingOccurrences(of: "Hello", with: "Goodbye")
// https://swift.org/migration-guide/
DispatchQueue.GlobalAttributes.qosDefault
        DispatchQueue.global(qos: DispatchQoS.QoSClass.default).async {

}

UIApplication.sharedApplication().
UIApplication.shared.

UIDevice.currentDevice().
UIDevice.current.
UIBezierPath(ovalInRect
UIBezierPath(ovalIn

touchesBegan() signature changed?

    override func touchesBegan(_ touches: Set, with event: UIEvent?) {
            if let touch = touches.first {
                let point = touch.location(in: self.superview)
            }

    }

moveToPoint()
move(to:
addLineToPoint()        
addLine(to: 
closePath()
close()
CGGradientCreateWithColors
CGColorSpaceCreateDeviceRGB
drawInRect
.draw(in: 
CGRectGetMaxX
CGRectGetMaxY

self.maxX
self.maxY
CGRectGetMidX()
CGRectGetMidY()

self.midX
self.midY
CGContextStrokePath(context)
context.strokePath()
CGContextSetLineWidth(context, 20)
context.setLineWidth(20)
CGRectInset()
self.bounds.insetBy(dx: 3, dy: 3)
self.view.bringSubviewToFront(cardFront)
self.view.bringSubview(toFront: cardFront)

self.tableView.registerClass(UITableViewCell.self, forCellReuseIdentifier:CellIdentifier)

self.tableView.register(UITableViewCell.self, forCellReuseIdentifier:CellIdentifier)

self.showViewController(viewController, sender: self)
self.show(viewController, sender: self)
lowercaseString
lowercased()
//http://stackoverflow.com/questions/38964264/openurl-in-ios10

UIApplication.shared.openURL(URL(string: appStoreUrl)!)
UIApplication.shared.open(URL(string:appStoreUrl)!, options: [:])

type(of:)

CGColorRef

UIGraphicsPushContext(context);
UIGraphicsPopContext();

context.saveGState()
context.restoreGState()
CalendarIdentifierGregorian
Calendar.Identifier.gregorian
Calendar.currentCalendar()
Calendar.current
CalendarOptions
Calendar.Options
.dateFromComponents()
.date(from:)
.dateByAddingComponents()
Calendar.current.date(byAdding: dateComponents, to: )

Should I Use Objective C or Swift for Writing iOS Apps?

Simply look at these code snippets:

@import UIKit; // Other imports below
#import “ViewController1.h”
#import “ViewController2.h”
#import “MyDataModel.h”
#import “NoLongerUsed.h”

NSString *s = @”Swift is the future”;
UIViewController *vc = [[UIViewController alloc] init];
UILabel *label1 = [[UILabel alloc] init];
UIButton *button1 = [[UIButton alloc] init];
NSArray *names = @[@”John”, @”Paul”, @”George”, @”Ringo”];
NSDictionary *ages = @{@”John”: @(1940), @”Paul”: @(1942), @”George”: @(1943), @”Ringo”: @(1940)};

vs

import UIKit // No other imports needed

let s = “Swift is the future”
let vc = UIViewController()
let label1 = UILabel()
let button1 = UIButton()
let names = [“John”, “Paul”, “George”, “Ringo”]
let ages = [“John”: 1940, “Paul”: 1942, “George”: 1943, “Ringo”: 1940]

Swift is less visually noisy. Now, imagine 100,000 of code of each language. Which is more maintainable?

Less code and more maintainable code directly translates to a cost savings. The only valid argument developers have is that Swift is still an evolving language so the source will break, at least in the next version. I claim that you’re still better off writing in Swift and fixing any breaking changes than writing in Objective C. You will have done less work and your code will be safer and more maintainable.

By the way, if you want to learn Swift, there’s a lot of information available: books, blogs, and other reference material.

3000 Swift Urls

I recently passed 3000 urls in my Swift Resources database. Over the weekend I added over a 100 YouTube videos. I haven’t tagged everything but I’ll work on it this week.

Since my last writeup in Sept, I’ve added Swift Today, Swift Weekly, and “Tags” pages, which shows all the tags and the tag count.

swift_tags

Finally, I also started a Swift Cookbook with topics that include Strings, Arrays, Dictionaries, and Dates. I’ll be working on additional Cookbook pages over the next few months.

Swift adoption by bloggers has been phenomenal. Most developers and book authors made a quick transition to Swift in the summer of 2014 with iOS 8. Thanks to the community it’s now easy to master iOS using Swift.

isLeapYear() in Swift

Updated: 20161208 to Swift 3

Since 2016 is a leap year, I decided that I need to have a couple of handy functions to determine if a given year is a leap year. I wrote two functions. The first function takes an integer year and returns a boolean. The second isLeapYear() method calls the first. It takes an optional NSDate value. If no date is provided, it defaults to today.

isLeapYear(1900) // false
isLeapYear(2000) // true
isLeapYear(2015) // false
isLeapYear(2016) // true

let now = Date()
isLeapYear(now)
isLeapYear() // Default parameter is Date()

Here’s the rest of the playground code:

import Foundation

func isLeapYear(_ year: Int) -> Bool {
    
    let isLeapYear = ((year % 4 == 0) && (year % 100 != 0) || (year % 400 == 0))
    
    
    return isLeapYear
}

func isLeapYear(_ date: Date = Date()) -> Bool {
    
    let calendar = NSCalendar.current
    let components = calendar.dateComponents([.year], from: date)
    
    let year = components.year
    return isLeapYear(year!)
}